scientific conference of lau
Title Life Satisfaction and Happiness of Russians at a Mature Age
Author Margarita E. Permyakova, Olga S. Vindeker, Tat’yana L. Smorkalova
About the author

DOI 10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-SP04
Section Social Psychology
Year Index UDK 316.61-053.8 Pages 254–267
Abstract The article describes the results of the empirical study into sociodemographic correlates and subjective correlates of happiness. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that the modern world places exorbitant, often conflicting requirements (information-driven, need and motive-based, value-oriented, etc.) on the individual. And basic needs associated with self-actualization and a willingness to be happy are marginalized and take a back seat. In such circumstances, we consider the study into the feelings of happiness and subjective wellbeing linked to both satisfaction with different life aspects and objective socio-demographic factors to be relevant. Our study aimed to define the linkage between the happiness of mature Russians and their satisfaction with different aspects of life. We formed the hypothesis of a connection between happiness and satisfaction with the job, material situation, health, proper rest, inter-spousal relations, and relationships with their children and friends. The sample consisted of 1520 people (222 males and 1298 females) aged 40,45 ± 6,72 with children (or 1 child) of school age. We used a questionnaire embracing questions of a socio-demographic (gender, age, marital status, number of children, income, etc.) and psychological nature (assessment of happiness and satisfaction with such life aspects as a job, material situation, relations with spouses, children, friends, proper rest, health, etc). The results revealed that the feelings of happiness are connected with both objective socio-demographic indicators and the level of satisfaction with different life aspects. Happiness positively correlates with the number of children in a family and income, and also with overall life satisfaction. With age, a subjective sense of happiness “fades” a bit, and the respondents estimate happiness slightly lower (it is more characteristic of the female part of the sample). Men and women do not differ in the level of being happy but there exist some peculiarities in the linkage of happiness with such factors as marital status (being married) and the number of children – unlike men, for women these correlations are statistically significant. Also, men, compared to women, are more satisfied with the material situation and inter-spousal relations and less satisfied with their relations with friends. In general, the obtained results complement the data published in academic literature. Thus, it was found that not all factors considered as predictors of happiness in the public mind correlate with the feelings of happiness. For instance, it was revealed that such an essential factor of material wellbeing as homeownership has nothing to do with a sense of happiness: the respondents with and without own homes are equally happy.
  • happiness
  • subjective wellbeing
  • life satisfaction
  • socio-demographic indicators
For citation Permyakova ME, Vindeker OS, Smorkalova TL. Life satisfaction and happiness of Russians at a mature age. In: Zaks LA, Semitko AP, Mitsek SA, et al. (еds.) Russian Man and Power in the Context of Dramatic Changes in Today’s World: Collection of academic papers from the 21st Russian scientific-practical conference (with international participation) (Yekaterinburg, April 12–13, 2019). Yekaterinburg: Liberal Arts University – University for Humanities; 2019. p. 254–267. Available from: doi:10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-SP04.
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Article language russian
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Submitted 02.07.2019
Accepted 08.08.2019