scientific conference of lau
Title Digital Technologies in Education: History, Problems and Opportunities
Author Darya M. Kovba
About the author
DOI 10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-IT03
Section Information Technologies
Year Index UDK 37:004.5 Pages 472–480
Abstract The universal expansion of digital technologies had an impact on the educational system, too. Schools and higher education institutions have a vital need to reorganize themselves and apply new technologies efficiently. At the same time, this process entails a number of challenges. This paper is devoted to studying the influence of digital technologies on the educational process. It dwells on two main issues: 1) what the features of educational process changes under the influence of technologies and the main stages of its evolution are; 2) what opportunities and problems are generated by active implementation of digital technologies in education. The methodology foundation of the research is comprised of a series of methods (analysis, synthesis and more) and approaches (systemic, conceptual and discursive). Three periods of technological integration are identified: 1) pre-digital, 2) implementation of personal computers, 3) Internet era; their specific features are analyzed. It is established that inflated social expectations were not always met with the implementation of each new technology. Actual use of devices was low, while teachers did not fully master the new tools. Technological changes outlined in the paper led to generation gaps and a change of philosophical and pedagogical approaches, whereas connectivism is gaining popularity nowadays. It is established that despite a number of opportunities provided by digital technologies in education (flexibility, inclusion and personalization), a series of problems emerges (inequality, confidentiality, safety), as well as some technical and socio-psychological challenges. A conclusion is made that the teacher’s figure cannot yet become a thing of the past and digital technologies are best used as a supplement to regular learning, not its replacement.
Keywords
  • digital technologies
  • education
  • approaches to education
  • digital divide
  • connectivism
For citation Kovba DM. Digital Technologies in Education: History, Problems and Opportunities. In: Zaks LA, Semitko AP, Mitsek SA, et al. (еds.) Russian Man and Power in the Context of Dramatic Changes in Today’s World: Collection of academic papers from the 21st Russian scientific-practical conference (with international participation) (Yekaterinburg, April 12–13, 2019). Yekaterinburg: Liberal Arts University – University for Humanities; 2019. p. 472–480. Available from: doi:10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-IT03.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Article language russian
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Funding
Submitted 01.07.2019
Accepted 12.08.2019