scientific conference of lau
Title Competence-Oriented Technology of Young Sprint Athletes Training
Author Viktor V. Gayl, Anatoly V. Chudinovskikh, Anton P. Fattakhov
About the author

DOI 10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-PS01
Section Physical Culture & Sports
Year Index UDK 796.422.12-053.67 Pages 523–531
Abstract This research is triggered by the need to expand the educational content at children’s sport schools, applying a competence-based approach, and also by the lack of attempts to implement it in sprint athletes training. The research aims to explain, develop and test, within pilot searching efforts, the efficiency of competenceoriented technology for training 12–14-year-old sprinters. This technology is based on the theory of stage-by-stage creation of benchmark basis for activities. To solve the above tasks, we used the following research methods: comparative and systemic analysis of psychological and pedagogical, medical and biological literature; studying practical experience; observational methods (observation and selfobservation); psychological, pedagogical and sociological methods (polls, testing, expert estimates); experimental methods (a teaching experiment). The expert evaluation of competence-building efficiency was conducted with the qualimetric method. The structure and content of 5 sprint athlete competences were identified. A high level of competence-building was achieved with athletes in the experimental group. There, numeric indicators of general athletes’ capabilities – determining warm-up structure and content, performing motor development exercises correctly, maintaining a healthy lifestyle – were 85.1%, 86.2% and 89.5% respectively. The level of special competences – capability to perform motor actions according to rules of the sprint running technique, capability to psyche up for competitions – was slightly lower, reaching 71.9% and 73.3% respectively. Taking into account the relatively short period of competence-oriented training (3 months), we believe that the above performance indicators can be considered positive.
Keywords
  • track-and-field
  • sprinting
  • athletes’ competences
  • educational technology
For citation Gayl VV, Chudinovskikh AV, Fattakhov AP. Competence-Oriented Technology of Young Sprint Athletes Training. In: Zaks LA, Semitko AP, Mitsek SA, et al. (еds.) Russian Man and Power in the Context of Dramatic Changes in Today’s World: Collection of academic papers from the 21st Russian scientific-practical conference (with international participation) (Yekaterinburg, April 12–13, 2019). Yekaterinburg: Liberal Arts University – University for Humanities; 2019. p. 523–531. Available from: doi:10.35853/UfH-RMP-2019-PS01.
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Article language russian
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Funding
Submitted 18.06.2019
Accepted 19.09.2019